Center for Research and Documentation on the DRC-Congo

Chronology: Crisis in the Kivu region overview

In this article the words Congo, Zaire or Congo-DRC mean the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The words Zairian or Congolese-Zairian mean Congolese (citizen of the Democratic Republic of the Congo).

The Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has lived the worse humanitarian crisis in the country soon after independence acquired on 30 June 1960.

At independence all Congolese citizens were equally entitled to freely participate in the management of the region and decide on their destiny. However it was not for long. Civil and wide scale human rights violations arose during the Mobutu regime and continued during the two Kabila regimes (Kabila the son and Kabila the father).

These violations were mostly manifested in the following crisis..... Full story here

Download the full article. 

Author: Franck Nzanda


OVERVIEW:  The Zairean -Congolese Bahutu Ethymology, Philosophy and History.

Understanding terminology and words: The words "Abahutu", "Bahutu" or "Hutu" mean the same thing. The words" zairean", "congolese", "zairean-congolese" or zairean/congolese mean the same thing.

The Zairian-Congolese Bahutu (abantu) people live in the Eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo...Abahutu at creation recognized and identified themselves as “abantu” (singular “Umuntu”) meaning a "human being". The abahutu oral tradition is silent about the origins of the word “Hutu”.  Some people believe the word was introduced by Arabs well before 19th century. Arabs-traders had infiltrated the African great lakes region well before the 19th century. At that time the Arabic and the “African” languages (the Bantus languages as we will see latter) symbiosis resulted into the "Kiswahili" language we know today. A human being was then identified in Swahili as “muTU’. It is then said that Arabs arrived in one of the bahutu kingdoms. Pointing the finger to a citizen of the abahutu kingdom, the Arabs asked one of the African guider who was with them” who is that?". The African guider replied he is a" Umuntu", meaning "a human being". The Arabs exclaimed " u'm'Hutu" trying to pronounce correctly what the African guider has just told them. The Arabs spread the news that they saw a" 'Hutu". The word HUTU was born. Latter in 19th century the western powers explored central Africa. The abahutu oral tradition states that when Europeans came to the abahutu empire they asked the king “who are those”? The king said "n’abantu" meaning they are human beings. The European captured the word "Bantu". The word "Bantu" was thus born. Latter all African communities who related to a human being as a "NTU" were called "baNTU" people and belonged to the "BANTU" ethnic group known today. Full article

 Download the full article

Author: Franck Nzanda